Dog breeding

The Reality of Dog Breeding in Bengaluru: Why the State and BBMP Need to Act Now


When Helen was found abandoned on the street. Photo: Bismi Anil

Helen was a female dog who produced many Labrador puppies – a puppy mill mother – who was ultimately abandoned by her breeders on the streets when she couldn’t take it anymore. Blind, deaf, malnourished, she was rescued and adopted by animal rights activist Bismi Anil. Helen has testified to all that is wrong with the implementation of animal cruelty laws in Karnataka and indeed most of India.

Dogs are repeatedly raised in rape stalls, in the dirtiest and smallest spaces, often with a sibling or parent, and live in small cages with little or no food, medical facilities, d human interaction or care. Puppies are sold like cattle and many of them carry genetic diseases, they break the hearts of families who adopt them, when they suffer or die.

Helen, after her adoption. Photo: Bismi Anil

The tragic situation of dog breeding and the marketing and exploitation of companion animals by breeders is evolving at an regrettable rate. Too bad, because we deplore the absence of laws, but here the laws have been meticulously put in place. There are excellent provisions set out in the Animal facility regulations, 2018, and the Rules for breeding and marketing dogs, 2017, under the Animal Cruelty Prevention Act. But these two rules have not been adopted individually in our state assembly and the councils of Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP), let alone implemented and respected.

In November 2018, we wrote to the Additional Commissioner (Administration), BBMP, asking him to take the time to speak about the State Animal Welfare Board (SAWB) and the Official Journal Rules for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. “We are very worried and concerned that the core body mandated like the State Animal Welfare Board (SAWB) has still not been appointed or is not functioning. This is a mandatory requirement according to the 2008 Supreme Court ruling. We ask that this, along with the two breeding and animal house rules, should definitely be discussed with the BBMP board and companies when of the next BBMP council meeting to be implemented in Karnataka, ” we wrote.

We demanded that the SAWB be trained as it was essential to oversee and implement much of the work, licensing and affiliation related to animal welfare. We also asked that concerned citizens be added to the team, and that the 2017 dog breeding and marketing rules and the 2018 pet shop rules be ratified and adopted locally. However, there is little action so far other than a recent nudge by the commissioner of the BBMP who asked the State to constitute the National Council for the protection of animals.

Stop illegal dog breeding

The status quo promotes cruelty to animals. It affects humans as well – old discarded dogs have to be managed, medicated, fed, and sometimes euthanized, and someone has to pay for it. While most animal lovers and concerned citizens of the public promote the concept of ‘adopt, not buy’, the fact remains that the dog breeding industry is thriving and unregulated.

It is our responsibility as citizens to ensure that our respective district councils and administrations create the necessary implementation framework to ensure that animals are protected in accordance with the 2017 Dog Breeding and Marketing Rules. there must be a National Animal Care Board (SAWB). Then the Livestock Department and BBMP Livestock Department should hire a few animal inspectors and animal welfare officers who are authorized to issue licenses and regularly check the breeding conditions to ensure that ‘it’s cruelty-free.

Not having a National Council for Animal Welfare (SAWB) in place means that the verification mechanism, let alone the implementation, is just not there. This means that ephemeral operators and backyard breeders have a field day exploiting female dogs by raising them over and over again and selling sick or unhealthy puppies which end up putting enormous strain on the emotional frame. and financial of people.

Prevent cruelty to animals

Likewise, the Pet Shop Rules 2018 is a rigorous and comprehensive framework that ensures that pet stores are registered and defines the process and specifications for pet stores and their licensing. This ensures that anti-cruelty guidelines are followed for the animals sold.

In accordance with this rule, all states, municipal and district governments must put in place the necessary frameworks for the rapid implementation of the rules, as well as the Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI), the State Animal Welfare Board ( SAWB) and the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty. to animals (SPCA).

In addition to ensuring animal welfare, municipalities can also earn Income if these laws are enforced. Each breeder’s license costs over Rs 5000 per year, as well as the establishment license Rs 5000 and there is an additional fee of Rs 500 per dog. In addition, pet stores must pay license fees each year. When businesses and civic authorities derive potential income from this activity, it is unclear why they allow unregulated and cruel pet sales.

As citizens focused on our constitutional duty of compassion for animals, we call for these rules as well as national animal welfare commissions to be put in place immediately and for animal welfare officers to be hired to ensure these rules. are correctly implemented without fail. It is important that the laws are followed not only in spirit but in letter.

The Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) and the Animal Welfare Council of India (AWBI) to create a mechanism to ensure the enforcement of laws in the administration of each state and city. It is more effective than the people who have to fight slow, ineffective and pointless battles to have the laws in their own city like we did here in Bengaluru which is why petitions like this must be supported.