Hungary is an important player in the international network of illegal dog breeding and trade. We are known abroad as a great dog breeding powerhouse. Passports issued by veterinarians play a key role in the trade in dogs bred under cruel conditions for export.
Animal abuse, illegal trade
Passports issued by veterinarians, without which animals would not be allowed to travel overseas, play a key role in the export breeding dog trade. Sadly, this world has no shortage of brutal animal abuse and cruel conditions.
As a Telex documentary revealed, according to veterinarian Dr Dalma Kárpáti and lawyer Dr Cecília Kajó, there are vets in Hungary who are involved in documenting the animal cruelty business. They issue passports with fictitious dates of birth without having seen the animals. This is how traffickers can get puppies out of the country that aren’t even old enough to travel under current laws.
“The smaller and cuter he is, the earlier people get him from pet stores,” veterinarian Dr. Gabriella Markus said in the document, explaining that this is why breeding dog dealers don’t wait for pets. animals are 15 weeks old, after which they can be legally exported. The expert also pointed out that this practice is not only an attack on the animal, but also constitutes private and public fraud.
Blank passports can only be ordered from the Hungarian Chamber of Veterinarians (MÁOK) by member veterinarians of the Chamber, providing veterinary services in accordance with legal requirements and undertaking to keep a strictly numbered record of animal passports and to regularly register the required data in the archives of the Chamber, writes Telex.
In recent years, the main source of income for MÁOK Kft. (100% owned by the House) was the empty pet passports. These documents are purchased at a net price of 400-600 HUF (1.02-1.53 EUR) and made available to veterinarians at a net price of 2,100-2,400 HUF (5.35-6.12 EUR) from 2020.
Huge revenue, no control of issued passports
In 2020, MÁOK Kft. sold a total of 108,959 blank passports to veterinarians at a net price of 2,126 HUF (5.42 EUR) and in 2021 it sold a total of 109,578 blank passports at a net price of 2,205 HUF (5. €62). The company thus received a net contribution of 231 million HUF (0.59 million EUR) two years ago and 241 million HUF (0.61 million EUR) last year.
With regard to the control of passport issuing practices by veterinarians, the Chamber of Veterinary Doctors supervises the obligations of registration, declaration or registration of data, but does not control the circumstances in which passports are issued.
The Telex documentary
You can watch the documentary below with English subtitles: